The 7th-century Buddhist traveller Xuanzang describes the region in his accounts. As Ladakh is a part of the strategically important Kashmir region, the Indian military maintains a strong presence in the region. This three-way division of Nyimagon's empire was recognised as historic and remembered in the chronicles of all the three regions as a founding narrative. Many other Muslims were invited over the following years for various purposes.[44]. [61], The demand for Ladakh as separate Union Territory (UT) was first raised by the parliamentarian Kushok Bakula Rinpoche around 1955, which was later carried forward by another parliamentarian Thupstan Chhewang. The most popular sport in Ladakh is ice hockey, which is played only on natural ice generally mid-December through mid-February. The king agreed to pay tribute to the Mughals in return for defending the kingdom. Maps showing the options and pitfalls of possible solutions. In 1989, there were violent riots between Buddhists and Muslims. Its closeness to Leh, the capital of Ladakh makes it more accessible to the trekkers. Ladakh is also home to the Tibetan gazelle, which inhabits the vast rangelands in eastern Ladakh bordering Tibet. Temperature ranges are from 3 to 35 °C (37 to 95 °F) in summer and minimums range from −20 to −35 °C (−4 to −31 °F) in winter.[68]. [15] The Leh district contains the Indus, Shyok and Nubra river valleys. The Mons are believed to be descendants of earlier Indian settlers in Ladakh, and traditionally worked as musicians, blacksmiths, and carpenters. 65% of children attend school, but absenteeism of both students and teachers remains high. Indian Army apprehends Chinese soldier in Ladakh, second such incident in three months; MoS Reddy to head committee for 'protecting language, culture and land of Ladakh' Border standoff, demand for constitutional safeguards kept Ladakh in news in 2020; Union Territory of Ladakh gets its own meteorological centre Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Zanskar Winter Sports and Youth Festival... Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology. [36][37] His principal disciple, Sayyid Muhammad Nur Baksh also propagated Islam to Ladakhis and the Balti people rapidly converted to Islam. ... the capital of Tibet. [32], From around 660 CE, Central Tibet and China started contesting the "four garrisons" of the Tarim Basin (present day Xinjiang), a struggle that lasted three centuries. Out of the 857-kilometre-long (533 mi) border in Ladakh, only 368 km (229 mi) is the International Border, and the remaining 489 km (304 mi) is Line of Actual Control. [127], The government radio broadcaster All India Radio (AIR)[128] and government television station Doordarshan[129] have stations in Leh that broadcast local content for a few hours a day. [81] Leh is the capital of Ladakh, yet it is tiny in comparison to the vast highland desert, framed by the stark Karakoram mountains and the snow-capped Himalayan range which forms this unique state. Ladakh Vision Document 2050 Religious mask dances are an important part of Ladakh's cultural life. Natural vegetation commonly seen along watercourses includes seabuckthorn (Hippophae spp. Kyide Nyimagon, Langdarma's great grandson, fled to West Tibet c. 900 CE, and founded a new West Tibetan kingdom at the heart of the old Zhangzhung, now called Ngari in the Tibetan language. Ladakh is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and distinct culture. The region comprising the valley of the Shayok and Nubra rivers is known as Nubra. [125] The Indian Astronomical Observatory is located in Hanle and is operated by the Indian Institute of Astrophysics. [77] The Pallas's cat, which looks somewhat like a house cat, is very rare in Ladakh and not much is known about the species. [71] The Asiatic ibex is a very elegant mountain goat that is distributed in the western part of Ladakh. This is when the Shey Palace fell into ruins. Community of Ladakh Medina Tenour Whiteman on Encountering the Unexpected. Ladakh is one of the highest regions of the world. The region was previously known as Maryul. In 1991, a Peace Pagoda was erected in Leh by Nipponzan Myohoji. Gielen, U. P. 1998. There are a handful of private news outlets. Contemporary Ladakh borders Tibet to the east, the Lahaul and Spiti regions to the south, the Vale of Kashmir, Jammu and Baltiyul regions to the west, and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north. Leh became the capital of Stod (upper Ladakh) during the reign of King Graspa Bum- Lde, who ruled Ladakh from 1400 to 1430 AD. Hemis monastery, a leading centre of the Drukpa tradition of Buddhism, holds an annual masked dance festival, as do all major Ladakhi monasteries. This event is known as the Tibet–Ladakh–Mughal war of 1679–1684. Pakistani troops were evicted from the Indian side of the Line of Control which the Indian government ordered was to be respected and which was not crossed by Indian troops. Report submitted to the Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx Zoo, New York. [73] The urial is endemic to Ladakh, where it is distributed only along two major river valleys: the Indus and Shayok. Despite a defeat of Ladakh by the Mughals, who had already annexed Kashmir and Baltistan, Ladakh retained its independence. They are often made on fairly modest budgets.[130]. Programmes by the government, local and international organisations are working to develop and rejuvenate this traditional system of healing. [56], Leh was initially chosen to be the headquarters of the new division however, following protests, it was announced that Leh and Kargil will jointly serve as the divisional headquarters, each hosting an Additional Divisional Commissioner to assist the Divisional Commissioner and Inspector General of Police who will spend half their time in each town. The wool of chiru must be pulled out by hand, a process done after the animal is killed. Ladak is its pronunciation in several Tibetan districts. [93] The airport at Kargil, Kargil Airport, was intended for civilian flights but is currently is used by the Indian Army. Its highest point is about 6,700 m (22,000 ft) and the northern slopes are heavily glaciated. In the past Ladakh gained importance from its strategic location at the crossroads of important trade routes,[14] but as the Chinese authorities closed the borders between Tibet Autonomous Region and Ladakh in the 1960s, international trade dwindled. Sweet tea (cha ngarmo) is common now, made in the Indian style with milk and sugar. Kashmir's Karkota Empire and the Umayyad Caliphate too joined the contest for Xinjiang soon afterwards. [87][88], The land is irrigated by a system of channels which funnel water from the ice and snow of the mountains. ), caraway, stinging nettles, mint, Physochlaina praealta, and various grasses. The Ladakh region was divided into the Kargil and Leh districts in 1979. The first local school to provide western education was opened by a local Society called "Lamdon Social Welfare Society" in 1973. Ladakh is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and distinct culture. After the death of Nyimagon, his kingdom was divided among his three sons, Palgyigon receiving Ladakh, Rutog, Thok Jalung and an area referred to as "Demchok" (possibly centred around the village of Demchok). The dances typically narrate a story of the fight between good and evil, ending with the eventual victory of the former. Ladakh is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and distinct culture. Statue of Maitreya at Likir Monastery, Leh district, Between the 1380s and early 1510s, many Islamic missionaries propagated Islam and proselytised the Ladakhi people. Ladakh was an independent kingdom for 900 years. Kargil, the only town in the Suru valley, is the second most important town in Ladakh. At 76 km (47 mi) long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas. [26] It is still in existence today. Mir Sayyid Ali was the first one to make Muslim converts in Ladakh and is often described as the founder of Islam in Ladakh. The principal crops are barley and wheat. [52][page needed]. Central pool MBBS and BDS seats allocation for the year 2020-21, Central Pool MBBS and BDS seats allocation for the year 2020-21 reg. [48] With the help of reinforcements from Galdan Boshugtu Khan, Khan of the Zungar Empire, the Tibetans attacked again in 1684. Skardo was the winter capital of Ladakh while Leh was the summer capital. [62] Within the first year of the formation of Ladakh as separate union territory, its annual budget allocation has increased 4 times from ₹57 crore to ₹232 crore.[62]. This school of traditional healing contains elements of Ayurveda and Chinese medicine, combined with the philosophy and cosmology of Tibetan Buddhism. The mountain ranges in this region were formed over 45 million years by the folding of the Indian Plate into the more stationary Eurasian Plate. Buddhism spread into western Ladakh from Kashmir in the 2nd century. Edible without cooking, tsampa makes useful trekking food. 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